White spots on the teeth are typically a sign of early tooth decay and they can range in size from small to large patches. If you have white spots developing on your teeth, it’s important to consider the possible causes and schedule an appointment with your dentist to treat and prevent further tooth damage.
What Causes White Spots on Teeth?
Many different factors can cause white spots on teeth. The following are some of the most common causes of white spots:
Dental fluorosis is a condition caused by overexposure to fluoride during tooth development. It results in the enamel being weakened, leading to the appearance of white spots on the teeth. The severity of the spots can vary from small white dots to large white patches.
Enamel hypoplasia occurs when the body fails to produce enough calcium and phosphate, essential for healthy tooth enamel. As a result, the enamel becomes weakened and susceptible to wear, leading to the appearance of spots. It is important to seek treatment for enamel hypoplasia as soon as possible to prevent further damage to the teeth.
Poor Oral Hygiene
Poor oral hygiene can lead to the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that coats the teeth. If this plaque is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can form white spots on the teeth. These spots are caused by the bacteria in the plaque eating away at the enamel, resulting in discoloration. Treatment for white spots caused by poor oral hygiene involves regular brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings.
Wearing braces can also lead to white spots on the teeth. This is because the brackets and wires used to hold the braces in place can cause the enamel to become weakened, leading to the formation of spots.
How to Get Rid of White Spots on Your Teeth
The treatment for white spots on teeth depends on the cause.
Enamel microabrasion is a quick and effective treatment for white spots caused by enamel hypoplasia or fluorosis. A special solution is applied to the teeth during this procedure, which gently removes the affected enamel. The result is a smooth, uniform surface.
Teeth whitening can help cover up white spots on the teeth. This is especially beneficial for those with white spots caused by poor oral hygiene. Teeth whitening is a safe and effective way to lighten the appearance of the teeth, making the white spots less visible. Hydrogen peroxide is one of the most commonly used whitening agents.
Bonding or Veneers
Bonding and veneers are two cosmetic treatments that can cover up white spots on the teeth. During the bonding procedure, a special resin is applied to the affected area and hardened with a special light. This creates a durable, natural-looking surface that blends in with the rest of the teeth. Veneers are thin porcelain shells placed over the teeth to cover any imperfections.
Schedule a Consultation
If you notice white spots on your teeth, it’s important to see a dentist as soon as possible. Fennell, Yoxthimer, and Associates, DDS, are committed to providing our patients in Norwood, OH, with the highest quality care. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and get the treatment you need.